Sector experts and city managers all over the world have worked hard to support effective urban sanitation, often with limited success. This is often due to a set of enduring myths. Read more on Debunking Urban Sanitation Myths.
Citywide inclusive sanitation requires collaboration between many actors, including: national, sub-national and city/municipal governments; utilities and municipal service providers; business and the private sector; civil society, local and international NGOs; donors, bilateral and multilateral agencies and private foundations; as well as academia and, importantly, households themselves. Each city is organized in a unique way. Local actors need to acknowledge shared responsibilities and work collaboratively to chart their own path to providing urban sanitation to all. See the CWIS principles.